The XE Seismic Network, 2021

 
Cite as:
Möllhoff, Martin; Bean, Christopher J.; Vogfjörd, Kristin S. (2021): HERSK-TNA, Hekla Real-Time Seismic Network - Transnational Access Eurovolc project. GFZ Data Services. Other/Seismic Network. doi:10.14470/KR7576456252.
Network code:
XE
Type:
Temporary
Time Range:
2021
Terms of use:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International CC BY 4.0 Restricted
Available 2025-01-01. Access info
Archived at:
GFZ
Institution(s):
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Icelandic Met Office
Creator(s):
Möllhoff, Martin; Bean, Christopher J.; Vogfjörd, Kristin S.
Description*:
HERSK - Hekla Real-Time Seismic Network
Abstract:
Hekla is one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes in Iceland presenting a high hazard to air travel and a growing tourist population. It is hence important to monitor its seismic activity in real-time. However, until now the pre-eruption warning time is only around one hour. A temporary seismic network deployed by us around Hekla summit in 2012 recorded unexpected background micro-seismicity (Eibl et al., 2014). Seismic monitoring directly on the edifice could provide a possible means to early-warning if micro-seismicity on Hekla increases prior to an eruption. In addition, the monitoring of a fissure eruption close up is expected to better understand how it initiates in detail. This prompted the installation of the Hekla Real-Time Seismic Network (HERSK) in 2018 (Möllhoff et al., 2018a/b). We experienced logistical difficulties especially in winter months, mainly in relation to power provision. In this project we build on the first phase of HERSK to (1) test novel ways of powering stations that transmit real-time data in very harsh environments and (2) to work towards a real-time event detection and location system dedicated to seismic activity at Hekla volcano. The development of the real-time system necessitates the derivation of a velocity model which we derive by inverting observed microseismicty data. This opens the way to image the internal structure of Hekla volcano. This research is part of project EUROVOLC that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation actions under grant agreement No 731070.

* Description is taken from seismic metadata, and may not match the preferred title for citations.
DataCite metadata:
HTML | JSON | XML | INSPIRE
Seismic metadata:
fdsnws-station
Funder:
European Union’s Horizon 2020 - grant agreement No 731070
Network KML file:
To retrieve waveform data and metadata (including instrument responses) for this and other seismic networks, see here.

Extended Network Information for network XE [hide/show]

Creator(s):
orcid:0000-0003-1848-1554 Möllhoff, Martin a; orcid:0000-0003-3285-2446 Bean, Christopher J. a; orcid:0000-0003-2658-1838 Vogfjörd, Kristin S. b
a Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Ireland, b Icelandic Meteorological Office, Reykjavik, Iceland
Title:
HERSK-TNA, Hekla Real-Time Seismic Network - Transnational Access Eurovolc project
Publisher:
GFZ Data Services
Resource Type:
Other/Seismic Network
Network DOI:
doi:10.14470/KR7576456252
Related Reference(s):
  1. Möllhoff, M.; B.H. Bergsson; H. Buxel; V. Kjartansson; B. Bergsson; C.J.Bean; K.S. Vogfjörd (2018b). The logistical challenge of establishing a real-time seismic network on Hekla volcano, Iceland. 36th General Assembly of the European Seismological Commission, Malta, ESC-S11-402.
  2. Möllhoff, M.; C.J.Bean; K.S. Vogfjörd; B.H. Bergsson; H. Buxel; V. Kjartansson; B. Bergsson (2018a). HERSK, the first real-time seismic network on Hekla volcano in Iceland. Geoscience 2018 - Meeting the Challenges, 6Th November 2018, Dublin Castle. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.27536.25600
  3. Möllhoff, M.; M. Rezaeifar ; C.J. Bean; K.S. Vogfjörd: B.H. Bergsson; H. Buxel (2020). Recent microseismicity observed at Hekla volcano and first velocity inversion results. EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4-8 May 2020, EGU2020-18954. doi:10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18954
[+] To provide additional references, PIs should contact GEOFON staff.
Keyword(s):
Geophysical stations/networks Seismometers Volcanic activity Iceland Broadband seismic waveforms Seismic monitoring temporary local seismic network

Station List for Network Code XE

Code
Station description
Begin
End
Loc
Channels
Flags
HE1
Hekla_East_flank_local
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ
HE2
Hekla_East_flank_remote
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ
HN1
Litla_Hekla_local
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ
HN2
Litla_Hekla_remote
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ
HS1
Hekla_summit_local
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ
HS2
Hekla_summit_remote
2021-01-01
2021-12-31
--
HHE HHN HHZ

Database last updated at 2022 Nov 03 12:12:38